Family – Orchidaceae

Family – Orchidaceae – 67 genera in Sri Lanka. Orchids of Sri Lanka.

  1. ORCHIDACEAE

145.01. ACAMPE Lindley

A.ochracea (Lindley) Hochr. [Saccolabium ochraceum Lindley]

A.praemorsa (Roxb.) Blatter & McCann [Saccolabium wighlianum Hook, f.]

A.rigida (Buch.-Ham. ex J. E. Smith) P. F. Hunt [Saccolabium longifolium Hook, f.]

145.02. ACANTHEPHIPPIUM Blume

A.bicolor Lindley

145.03. ADRORHIZON Hook. f.

A.purpurascens Hook. f.

145.04. AERANGIS Reichb. f.

A.hologlottis (Schltr.) Schltr.

145.05. AERIDES Lour.

A.ringens (Lindley) C. E. C. Fischer [Aerides lineare Hook, f.]

145.06. AGROSTOPHYLLUM Blume

A.zeylanicum Hook. f.

145.07. ANGRAECUM Bory

A.zeylanicum Lindley [Mystacidium zeylanicum (Lindley) Trimen]

145.08. ANOECTOCHILUS Blume

A.setaceus Blume [Anoectochilus regalis Blume] S:wana-raja

145.09. APHYLLORCHIS Blume

A.montana Reichb. f.

145.10. ARUNDINA Blume

A.graminifolia (D. Don) Hochr. [Arundina minor Lindley]

145.11. BULBOPHYLLUM Thouars

B.crassifolium Thw. ex Trimen

B.elegans Gardner ex Thw.

B.elliae Reichb. f. [Cirrhopetalum wightii Thw.]

B.macraei (Lindley) Reichb. f.  [Cirrhopetalum macraei Lindley]

B.maskeliyense Livera

B.petiolare Thw.

B.purpureum Thw.

B.thwaitesii Reichb. f.  [Cirrhopetalum thwaitesii (Reichb. f.) Hook, f.]

B.tricarinatum Petch

B.trimenii (Hook, f.) J. J. Sm.  [Cirrhopetalum trimeni Hook, f.]

B.wightii Reichb. f. [Cirrliopetalum grandiflorum Wight]

145.12. CALANTHE R. Br.

C.purpurea Lindley

C.triplicatis (Willemet) Ames  [Calanthe veratrifolia R. Br.]

145.13. CHEIROSTYLIS Blume

C.flabellata Wight

C.parvifolia Lindley

145.14. CHRYSOGLOSSUM Blume

C.maculatum (Thw.) Hook. f.

145.15. CLEISOSTOMA Blume

C.tenuifolia (L.) Garay [Sarcanthus peninsularis Dalz.]

145.16. COELOGYNE Lindley

C.breviscapa Lindley

C.odoratissima Lindley

C.zeylanica Hook. f.

145.17. CORYMBORKIS Thouars

C.veratrifolia (Reinw.) Blume [Corymbis veratrifolia Reichb. f.]

145.18. COTTONIA Wight

C.peduncularis (Lindley) Thw. [Cottonia macrostachya Wight]

145.19. CRYPTOSTYLIS R. Br.

C.arachnites Blume

145.20. CYMBIDIUM Sw.

C.bicolor Lindley [Cymbidium aloifolium (L.) Sw.]

C.ensifolium (L.) Sw. var. haematodes (Lindley) Trimen

145.21. CYRTOSIA Blume

C.javanica Blume [Galeola javanica (Blume) Benth. & Hook, f.]

145.22. DENDROBIUM Swartz

D.crumenatum Swartz E:pigeon orchid, white dove orchid S:sudu-pareyi-mal

D.diodon Reichb. f.

D.heterocarpum Wall, ex Lindley E:primrose orchid

D.maccarthiaeThw. S:wesak-mal

D.macrostachyum Lindley

D.nutans Lindley

D.panduratum Lindley

D.salaccense (Blume) Lindley [Dendrobium bambusaefolium Par. et Reichb. f.] [Dendrobium haemoglossum Thw.]

145.23. DIPLOCENTRUM Lindley

D.recurvum Lindley

145.24. DIPLOPRORA Hook. f.

D.championi Hook. f.

145.25. DISPERIS Swartz

D.zeylanica Trimen

145.26. EPIPOG1UM R. Br.

E.roseum (D. Don) Lindley  [Epipogium nutans Lindley]

145.27. ERIA Lindley

E.articulata Lindley  [Alvisia tenuis Lindley]

E.bicolor Lindley  E:lily of the valley orchid

E.braccata Lindley

E.lindleyi Thw.

E.muscicola Lindley

E.thwaitesii Trimen

E.tricolor Thw.

145.28. ERYTHRODES Blume

E.humilis J. J. Smith [Physurus blumei Lindley]

145.29. EULOPHIA R. Brown ex Lindley

E.epidendraea (Koenig) Schltr. [Eulophia virens Spreng.]

E.graminea Lindley

E.macrostachya Lindley

E.sanguinea (Lindley) Hook. f.

E.spectabilis (Dennst.) Suresh [Eulophia nuda Lindley]

145.30. FLICKINGERIA A. D. Hawkes

F.macraei (Lindley) Seidenf. [Ephemerantha macraei (Lindley) P. F. Hunt & Summerh.]  [Dendrobium macraei (Lindley) Kuntze] S:jata-makuta

145.31. GASTROCHILUS D. Don

G.acaulis (Lindley) Kuntze  [Saccolabium acaule (Lindley) Hook, f.]

145.32. GASTRODIA R. Br.

G.zeylanica Schlechter  [Gastrodia javanica Thw.]

145.33. GEODORUM Jackson

G.densiflorum (Lam.) Schlechter [Geodorum dilatation R. Br.]

145.34. GOODYERA R. Br.

G.fumataThw.

G.procera (Ker-Gawl.) Hook.

145.35. HABENARIA Willd.

H.acuminata (Thw.) Trimen

H.crinifera Lindley

H.dichopetala Thw.

H.dolichostachya Thw.

H.macrostachya Lindley

H.plantaginea Lindley  E:pigeon orchid

H.pterocarpa Thw.

H.rhynchocarpa (Thw.) Trimen H.virens (Lindley) Abeywick. [Habenaria barbata Wight nom. nudum]

H.viridiflora (Sw.) Lindley

145.36. HETAERIA Blume

H.elongata Lindley

H.gardneri (Thw.) Trimen

145.37. IPSEA Lindley

Lspeciosa Lindley E:daffodil orchid

145.38. KINGIDIUM P. F.Hunt

K.deliciosum (Reichb. f.) Sweet [Doritis wightii Benth. & Hook, f.]

145.39. LIPARIS A. Rich.

L.atropurpurea Lindley

L.barbata Lindley  [Liparis thwaitesii Hook, f.]

L.brachyglottis Reichb. f. ex Trimen

L.caespitosa (Thouars) Lindley  [Liparis obscura Hook, f.]

L.gibbosa Finet  [Liparis disticha Lindley]

L.nervosa (Thunb.) Lindley

L.viridiflora Lindley  [Liparis longipes Lindley]

L.walkeriae R. Graham

L.wightiana Thw. [Liparis trimenii Ridley]

145.40. LUISIA Gaudich.

L.tenuifolia (L.) Blume

L.teretifolia Gaudich.

145.41. MALAXIS Sol. ex Swartz

M.densiflora (A. Rich.) Kuntze  [Microstylis versicolor Wight]

M.discolor (Lindley) Kuntze  [Microstylis discolor Lindley]

M.lancifolia (Thw.) Kuntze  [Microstylis lancifolia Thw.]

M.latifolia Smith  [Microstylis latifolia J. J. Sm.]

M.purpurea (Lindley) Kuntze [Microstylis purpurea Lindley]

M.versicolor (Lindley) Abeywick. [Microstylis rheedii Wight]

145.42. NERVILIA Comm. ex Gaudich.

N.juliana (Roxb.) Schlechter [Pogonia Juliana Wall.]

145.43. OBERONIA Lindley

O.bicornis Lindley

O.claviloba Jayaweera

O.dolabrata Jayaweera

O.forcipata Lindley

O.fornicata Jayaweera

O.longibracteata Lindley

O.quadrilatera Jayaweera

O.recurva Lindley

O.scyllae Lindley

O.tenuis Lindley

O.thwaitesii Hook. f.

O.truncata Lindley

O.verticillata Wight

O.wallie-silvae Jayaweera

O.weragamaensis Jayaweera

O.wightiana Lindley

O.zeylanica Hook. f.

145.44. OCTARRHENAThw.

O.parvula Thw.

145.45. PAPILIONANTHE Schlechter

P.subulata (Koenig) Garay  [Aerides cylindricum Lindley]

145.46. PERISTYLUS Blume

P.aristatus Lindley  [Habenaria aristata Trimen]

RbrevilobusThw.  [Habenaria breviloba Trimen]

P.cubitalis (L.) Kraenzlin  [Habenaria cubitalis R. Br.]

P.gardneri (Hook, f.) Kraenzlin [Habenaria gardneri Hook, f.]

P.plantagineus (Lindley) Lindley [Habenaria wightii Trimen]

P.spiralis A. Rich. [Habenaria torta Hook, f.]

P.trimenii (Hook, f.) Abeywick. [Habenaria trimenii Hook, f.]

145.47. PHAIUS Loureiro

P.Iuridus Thw.

P.tankervilleae (Banks ex L’He>it.) Blume [Phaius wallichii Lindley]

145.48. PHOLIDOTA Lindley ex Hook.

P.pallida Lindley [Pholidota imbricata Lindley]

145.49. PHREATIA Lindley

P.elegans Lindley

145.50. PODOCHILUS Blume

P.falcatus Lindley

P.malabaricus Wight

P.saxatilis Lindley

145.51. POLYSTACHYA Hook.

P.concreta (Jacq.) Garay and Sweet [Polystachya zeylanica Lindley]

145.52. POMATOCALPA Breda

P.decipiens (Lindley) J. J. Sm. [Cleisostoma decipiens Lindley]

P.maculosum (Lindley) J. J. Sm. [Cleisostoma maculosum Lindley]

145.53. PTEROCERAS Van Hasselt ex Hassk.

P.viridiflorum (Thw.) Holttum [Sarcochilus viridiflorus (Thw.) Hook, f.]

145.54. RHYNCHOSTYLIS Blume

R.retusa Blume E:Batticaloa orchid, fox-tail orchid

145.55. ROBIQUETIA Gaudich.

R.brevifolia (Lindley) Garay [Saccolobium brevifolium Lindley]

R.gracilis (Lindley) Garay [Saccolobium gracile Lindley]

R.rosea (Lindley) Garay [Saccolobium roseum Lindley]

R.virescens (Gard. ex Lindley) Jayaweera

145.56. SATYR1UM Swartz

S.nepalense D. Don E.hyacinth orchid

145.57. SCHOENORCHIS Blume

S.chrysantha (Alston) Garay [Saccolabium fdiforme Trimen]

S.nivea (Lindley) Schltr. [Saccolabium niveum Lindley]

S.tortifolia (Jayaweera) Garay

145.58. SIRHOOKERA Kuntze

S.lanceolata (Wight) Kuntze [Josephia lanceolata Wight]

S.latifolia (Wight) Kuntze [Josephia latifolia Wight]

145.59. SPIRANTHES Rich.

S.sinensis (Pers.) Ames [Spiranthes australis Lindley]

145.60. TAENIOPHYLLUM Blume

T.alwisii Lindley

T.gilimalense Jayaweera

T.pusillum (Willd.) Seidenf. [Chiloschista pusilla (Willd.) Schlechter] [Sarcochilus wightii auct. non Hook, f.]

145.61. TAINIA Blume

T.bicornis (Lindley) Reichb. f.

145.62. THRIXSPERMUM Loureiro

T.complanatum (Retz.) Schlechter [Sarcochilus complanatus Hook, f.]

T.pugionifolium (Hook, f.) Schlechter [Sarcochilus pugionifolius Hook, f.]

T.pulchellum (Thw.) Schlechter [Sarcochilus pulchellus Trimen]

145.63. TRICHOGLOTTIS Blume

T.tenera (Lindley) Reichb. f. [Cleisostoma tenerum Hook, f.]

145.64. TROPIDIA Lindley

T.bambusifolia (Thw.) Trimen

T.thiwaitesii Hook. f.

145.65. VANDA R. Br.

V.spathulata (L.) Spreng.

V.tessellata (Roxb.) Lodd. ex G. Don [Vanda roxburghii R. Br.]

V.testacea (Lindley) Reichb. f. [Vanda parviflora Lindley]

V.thwaitesii Hook. f.

145.66. VANILLA Miller

V.fragrans Ames* [Vanilla planifolia Andr.] E:vanilla

V.moonii Thw.

V.walkerae Wight

145.67. ZEUXINE Lindley

Z.flava (Wall.) Trimen

Z.longilabris (Lindley) Trimen

Z.regia (Lindley) Trimen S:iru-raja

Z.strateumatica (L.) Schlechl. [Zeitxine sulcata Lindley]

 

Reference – A CHECK LIST OF THE FLOWERING PLANTS; Lilani Kumudini Senaratna, B.Sc. (Colombo) M.Phil. (OUSL), Department of Botany, The Open University of Sri Lanka, Nawala, Nugegoda.  Published by National Science Foundation 47/5, Maitland, Place Colombo 7 SRI LANKA

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