Family – Zingiberaceae

Family – Zingiberaceae – 11 genera in Sri Lanka

213.01. ALPINIA Roxb.

A.abundiflora Burtt & Smith [Amomum floribundum (Thw.) Trimen]

A.calcarata Roscoe* S:kala-kiriya, katu-kiriya

A.fax Burtt & Smith  [Amomum involucratum (Thw.) Trimen]

A.galanga (L.) Sw.* S:galangal, kallu-wala

A.malaccensis (Burm. f.) Roscoe  [Alpinia nutans var. sericea Baker] S:alu, galangal, kalu-wala, ran-kiriya Tpera-rattai

A.nigra (Gaertn.) Burtt  [Alpinia allughas (Retz.) Roscoe] S:alan, alu-gas, keleniya Tshittai-rattai

A.rufescens (Thw.) Schum.

213.02. AMOMUM Roxb.

A.acuminatum Thw.

A.benthamianum Trimen

A.echinocarpum Alston  [Amomum echinatum Thw.] S:bu-kiriya

A.fulviceps Thw.

A.graminifolium Thw.

A.hypoleucum Thw.

A.masticatorium Thw.

A.nemorale (Thw.) Trimen

A.pterocarpum Thw.

A.trichostachyum Alston  [Amomum ciliatum Baker]

213.03. BOESENBERGIA Kuntze

B.rotunda(L.) Mansfield*  [Kaempferia pandurata Roxb.] S:amba-kaha

213.04. COSTUS L.

C.malortieanus Wendl.

C.speciosus (Koenig) Smith  S:koltan, tebu

213.05. CURCUMA Roxb.

C.albiflora Thw.  S:haran-kaha

C.aromatica Salisb.  S:dada-kaha, wal-kaha T:kasthuri-manjal

C.longa L.*  E:turmeric S:ath-kaha, bim-kaha, kaha, rata-kaha T:manchal

C.oligantha Trimen

C.zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe  S:haran-kaha, kanguni, naharai Trkichilick-kilangu,, kinchilick-kizhangu, manchal, pulankizhangu

213.06. CYPHOSTIGMA Benth.

C.pulchellum (Thw.) Benth.

213.07. ELETTARIA Maton

E.cardamomum (L.) Maton  Exardamom Sxardamungu, ensal, rata-ensal T:alaka, ella-kai, cardumunga var. cardamomum  var. major Thw.

213.08. GLOBBAL.

G.marantina L. [Globba bulbifera Roxb.] S:hinguru-piyali T:kechulu kalanga

213.09. HEDYCHIUM Koenig

H.coccineum Buch.-Ham. ex Smith

H.coronarium Koenig S:ela-mal

H.flavescens Carey ex Roscoe

213.10. KAEMPFERIA L.

K.galanga L.* S:hinguru-piyali, naharai T:kechulu-kalangu

K.rotunda L* S:lan-kenda, sau-kenda, yawa-kenda

213.11. NICOLAIA Horan.

N.elatior (Jack) Horan.* E:torch ginger

213.12. ZINGIBER Boehmer apud Ludwig

Z.cylindricum Thw.

Z.officinale Roscoe* E:ginger S:inguru T:inji, shukku

Z.purpureum Roscoe* [Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.]

Z.wightianum Thw.

Z.zerumbet (L.) Smith S:aran-kaha, wal-inguru

 

Reference – A CHECK LIST OF THE FLOWERING PLANTS; Lilani Kumudini Senaratna, B.Sc. (Colombo) M.Phil. (OUSL), Department of Botany, The Open University of Sri Lanka, Nawala, Nugegoda.  Published by National Science Foundation 47/5, Maitland, Place Colombo 7 SRI LANKA

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