Family – Verbenaceae

Family – Verbenaceae – 24 genera in Sri Lanka

 

208.01. AEGIPHILA Jacq. (Now under Lamiaceae)

A.martinicensis Jacq.* E:bastard white root, goatwood, spirit weed, sylvania, wild jasmine

208.02. ALOYSIA Ortega ex Pers.

A.citriodora Palau* [Aloysia triphylla (L’Hent.) Britton]  E.lemon verbena, lemon-scented verbena, limoneto, sweetscented verbena

208.03. CALLICARPA L. (Now under Lamiaceae)

C.macrophylla Vahl*  E:urn-fruit beauty berry, urn-fruit tree

C.nudiflora Hook. & Arn.*

C.pedunculata R. Br.* E:beauty berry, wild heliotrope

C.tomentosa (L.) Murr. S:eela-gas, ilia T:koat-komal

208.04. CHASCANUM E. Meyer

C.hyderobadense (Walp.) Moldenke [Svensonia hyderobadensis (Walp.) Moldenke]

208.05. CITHAREXYLUM Mill, ex L.

C.fruticosum L.*

C.spinosum L.*

208.06. CLERODENDRUM Burm. ex L. (Now under Lamiaceae)

C.floribundum R. Br.*

C.glabrum E. Meyer* E:bush clerodendron

C.heterophyllum (Poir.) R. Br.*

C.incisum Klotzsch var. macrosiphon (Hook, f.) Baker ex Lam. & Bakh.* E:glory bower

C.indicum (L.) Kuntze* [Clerodendrum siphonanthus R. Br.] Erlndian glorybower, tube flower S:balaya

C.inerme (L.) Gaertn. f. inerme L. S:boerende, bu-renda, gulinda, wael-bu-raenda, wal-gurenda T.dangamkuppi, koika, pinari, pinchil, sangam, shengankuppi f. parvifolium Moldenke S:burende, gulinda

C.infortunatum L.  S:gas-pinna, pinna, pinna-kole T:perugilai, perumkila, vata-madakki

C.kaempferi (Jacq.) Sieb. ex Steud.*

C.lindleyi Decne. ex Planch. f. albiflorum Moldenke*

C.minahassae Teijsm. & Binn.* E:Fairchild’s clerodendrum

C.paniculatum L.  E:danger flower, pagoda flower, red glorybower

C.philippinum Schau. f. multiplex (Sweet) Moldenke E:Honolulu rose, Hortensia, Spanish jasmine T:sennaimallihay

C.phlomidis L.  S:gas-pinna, wadang T:talu-dala, vadamadakki, vata-madakkai

C.schweinfurthii Gurke var. bakeri (Gurke) Thomas*

C.serratum (L.) Moon var. dentatum H. J. Lam.* var. serratum Schau. S:kan-henda Txhiru-dekku, chiry-tekku, kandu-parangi, ratamadakki, siri-tekku, vatamadakki

C.speciosissimum van Geert ex Morren* f. album Moldenke* f. speciosissimum Schau.*

C.splendens G. Don ex James*

C.thomsonae Balf. f.* E:bleeding heart, glorybower

C.umbellatum Poir* E:bleeding heart, broken heart

C.viscosum Vent.*

C.wallichiiUtn*

208.07. DURANTA L.

D.repensL.* [Duranta erecta L.] var. alba (Masters) Bailey E:Iluvia,white heliotrope, white skyflower var. repens Willis [Duranta plumieri Jacq.] E:Brazilian skyflower, golden-dewdrop, heliotrope bush, pigeon berry, skyflower

208.08. FARADAYA F. Muell.

F.papuana Scheff.*

F.splendida F. Muell.*

208.09. GLOSSOCARYA Wall. (Now under Lamiaceae)

  1. scandens (L. f.) Trimen f. pubescens (Moldenke) Moldenke f. scandens

208.10. GMELINA L. (Now under Lamiaceae)

G.arborea Roxb. var. arborea f. dentata Moldenke (Juvenile form) Exandahar tree, comb tree, Kashmir tree, Malay beechwood, snapdragon tree S:at-demata, et-demata T:gumadi, gumudu-takku, kainadi, kumil, umi var. glaucescens Clarke

G.asiatica L. f. lobata Moldenke (Juvenile form) E:Asiatic beechberry S:demata, gatta-demmata T:kumil, gumadi.nela-kumi, nilacumal, nila-kumi

G.philippensis Cham.* E:bristly beechbrush

208.11. HOLMSKIOLDIA Retz. (Now under Lamiaceae)

H.sanguinea Retz.* E:Mandarin’s hat, Chinese hats

208.12. HYMENOPYRAMIS Wall.

H.brachiata Wall*

208.13. LANTANA L.

L.camara L. var. aculeata (L.) Moldenke [Lantana aculeata L.] Exommon lantana, prickly lantana, wild sage S:ganda-pana, garda-pana, genda-pana, katu-hinguru, rata-hinguru, ton-kinna var. alba Moldenke E:white lantana var. cainara Schau. E:amara, English sagebush, red sagebush, wild sage, yellow sage var. mista (L.) Bailey Exambara, English sagebush, hairy lantana, red sage, rock sage, wild sage var. splendens (Medikus) Moldenke var. varia (Kuntze) Moldenke E:harlequin lantana

L.indica Roxb. E. coffee weed

L.montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. E:pole-cat geranium, trailing lantana, weeping lantana

L.trifolia L. f. f. albilfora Moldenke f. hirsuta Moldenke E.cambara, three-leaved lantana, wild sage

208.14. OXERA Labill.

O.pulchella Labill.*

208.15. PETREA Houst. ex L.

P.arborea HBK*E:blue petrea, blue-wreath, lilac, tree-petrea

P.volubilis L. var. pubescens Moldenke var. volubilis Voigt E:Adolfina, purple-wreath, Queen’s wreath, sand-paper vine

208.16. PHYLA Lour.

P.nodiflora (L.) Greene var. nodiflora [Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.] E:Cape weed, cidron, fogweed, Godet’s weed, link weed, Lippia grass, sprain brush, mat grass, Turkey tangle S:herimana-datta, hiramana-datta Tipodutalai var. reptans (Spreng.) Moldenke E:button weed, large-leaved fogfruit

208.17. PREMNA L. (Now under Lamiaceae)

P.alstoni Moldenke var. alstoni S:gal-kera var. mollis Moldenke S:mulla var. subcrenata Moldenke

P.divaricata Wall.

Rfoetida Reinw. ex Blume*

P.latifolia Roxb. var. cuneata Clarke S:dangra-seya, maha-midi T:pachumullai var. major Moldenke var. mollissima (Roth) Clarke var. vibumoides (Wall.) Clarke S:gel-kara, maha-midi, nulla Trnaroli, narval

P.obtusifolia R.Br. [Premna corymbosa (Burm. f.) Rottler & Willd.] E:headache tree S:maha-midi, middee-gas, midhi, sihin-midi, wal-wel-midi T:erumaimulla var. minor (Ridl.) Moldenke var. obtusifolia var. pubescens Moldenke f. serratifolia (L.) Moldenke [Premna serratifolia L.]

P.procumbens Moon S:le-kola-pala T:mullai, mulla

P.purpurascens Thw.

P.thwaitesii Clarke f. glabrescens Moldenke f. thwaitesii Thw. S:mulla

P.tomentosa Willd. f. jejuna Moldenke f. tomentosa S:boo-sairoo-gass, boo-seru, bu-seru, noo-sairou T:kolkutti, kollay-cottaynellay, koluk-kutti, loluto-kutti, mulla-mullai, munnai, podanganari

208.18. PRIVA Adans.

P.cordifolia (L. f.) Druce

208.19. PSEUDOCARYOPTERIS Cantino (Now under Lamiaceae)

P.bicolor (Hardw.) P. D. Cantino* [Caryopteris odorata (Hamilton) B. L. Rob.] E:blue beard

208.20. PYGMAEOPREMNA Merr. (Now under Lamiaceae)

P.herbacea (Roxb.) Moldenke* S:siritekku T:shirutek

208.21. STACHYTARPHETA Vahl

S.x adulterina Urb. & Ekm.*

S.dichotoma (Ruiz & Pav.) Vahl f. albiflora (Moldenke) Moldenke E:cola de tatu, tatu-ruguay, yerbon f. dichotoma E:Brazilian tea, false vervain

S.indica(L.)VahI S:nil-nakuta T:nai-oringj

S.x intercedens Danser

S.jamaicensis (L.) Vahl [Stachytarpheta indica var. jamaicensis (L.)Vahl ex Trimen] f. jamaicensis E:Berbena, blue porterweed, blue snakeweed, common snakeweed S:balu-nakuta, rata-nil-nakuta T:nay-uranchi, simainavirunji f. parvifora Moldenke

S.mutabilis (Jacq.) Vahl var. mutabilis*E:pink snakeweed, verbena rosada var. violacea Moldenke*:251

S.x trimeni Rech.

S.urticaefolia (Salisb.) Sims f. albiflora Moldenke*f. urticaefolia E:Aaron’s rod, blue rat’s tail, dog’s tail, false vervain, nettle-leaved cymburus Srbala-nakuta, balu-nakuta, batu-nakuta, nil-nakuta T:naioriji, naioring, nay-uranch, nay-uranchi, nilnakuta

208.22. TECTONA L.f. (Now under Lamiaceae)

T.grandis L. f. f.grandis*E:Indian oak, teak, teak tree S:takku, tekka, thekka T:tekku f. punctata Moldenke*

208.23. VERBENA [Dorst.] L.

V.bonariensis L. E:purple top, South American vervain, tall verbena

V.hispida Ruiz & Pav.*

V.x hybrida Voss*E.common verbena, garden verbena

V.monacensis Moldenke* E:Munich verbena

V.rigida Spreng. [Verbena venosa Gill. & Hook.] E:hardy verbena, margarita, stiff verbena, tuber verbena

V.tenuisecta Briq.* E:moss verbena

208.24. VITEX Toum. ex L. (Now under Lamiaceae)

V.altissima L. f. f. altissima Moon S:kaha-milla, mililla-gas, milla, miyan-milla, sapu-milla T:kaaddmanakku, kadamanakku, kadamananakku, maila, mayila f. subglabra Thw. ex Clarke [Vitex altissima var. zeylanica (Turcz.) Clarke] S:milla V.capitata Vahl*

V.cofassus Reinw. ex Blume*

V.leucoxylon L. f. f. leucoxylon S:nabada, nebedda, ne-bedda T:kaddu-nochchi,, kardu-nochi, nir, nir-nochchi f. zeylanica (Moldenke) Moldenke

V.negundo L. E:chaste-tree Srhelarika, nika, nil-nika, nirgundi, sudu-nika T:nir-nichchi, nochchi, vallai-nochchi, vennochchi

V.peduncularis Wall. f. peduncularis

V.pinnata L. S:kaha-milla, milla, miyan-milla, niyan-milla, sapu-milla T:kata-manakka

V.trifoliaL. var. bicolor (Willd.) Moldenke S:nieke, nikki, nochchi var. simplicifolia Cham. E:beach vitex, polinalina, oval-leaved chaste tree var. subtrisecta (Kuntze) Moldenke var. trifolia E:Indian privet, Indian wild pepper S:nika, sudu-nika T:mochchi, nochchi, vettai-nochi

Reference – A CHECK LIST OF THE FLOWERING PLANTS; Lilani Kumudini Senaratna, B.Sc. (Colombo) M.Phil. (OUSL), Department of Botany, The Open University of Sri Lanka, Nawala, Nugegoda.  Published by National Science Foundation 47/5, Maitland, Place Colombo 7 SRI LANKA

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